Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Secret Life Of Bees By Sue Monk Kidd - 994 Words

Sue Monk Kidd is a writer from Southern Georgia. She is best known for her most influential piece of writing, The Secret Life of Bees, which has found its way into many classrooms across the country. Many of her fiction novels have tackled controversial and well known issues and themes of the South over the course of history. Life Before Writing Born in Albany, Georgia on August 12, 1948, Kidd grew up in Sylvester, Georgia specifically in Worth County. Her father and English teachers encouraged her to write, and through this, she discovered her affinity for writing nonfiction. She then graduated from Worth County High School and pursued college in Texas. Before writing her first book, Kidd attended, and graduated from, the Texas†¦show more content†¦But possibly her most renowned novel is The Secret Life of Bees. The Secret Life of Bees Viking Books published Kidd’s first fictional novel, The Secret Life of Bees, in 2002, and according to Kidd, it was â€Å"deeply influenced† by her hometown of Sylvester, Georgia, although it takes place in South Carolina. The novel has sold approximately 8 million copies worldwide, and previously remained on the New York Times’ bestseller list for more than two years. Currently, it is available in 36 different languages, and has won a multitude of awards, both in the U.S. and in other countries. Originally adapted into play-form and performed numerous times by The American Place Theater, Fox Searchlight picked up the book in 2008 and produced it into a movie. Starring well known celebrities such as Dakota Fanning, Queen Latifah, and Alicia Keys, the People’s Choice Awards and NAACP awarded the movie Best Picture and Best Movie, respectfully. Kidd’s familiarity with the South has been useful in both her writing of The Secret Life of Bees and with the subsequent movie. Interestingly enough, although Kidd herself grew up in Georgia, the book takes place in South Carolina, and production for the movie occurred in North Carolina. She was able to adapt to the various Southern environments with ease, a skill attributed to both her previous experiences in college as well as her coming-of-age in the rural South. Inspired By Experience As with The SecretShow MoreRelated The Secret Life of Bees by Sue Monk Kidd 748 Words   |  3 Pagesmemories, Lily Owens finds comfort in the humming of the bees. In the novel, The Secret Life of Bees, Sue Monk Kidd writes about the life of young girl whose spontaneous decisions lead her to her mother’s past. Lily’s life has revolved around the lack of a mother. Her father, T. Ray, is a harsh and unloving peach farmer who punishes Lily unreasonably and does not fulfil his father like position. Lily’s adventure begins after catching a few bees in a jar. She empathizes with them as they are stuck andRead MoreThe Secret Life Of Bees By Sue Monk Kidd2091 Words   |  9 Pagesshared with the novel The Secret Life of Bees by Sue Monk Kidd. In her historical fiction novel, Kidd narrates the story of how Lily Melissa Owens, a motherless girl, was surrounded by change during 1964. Lily’s journey to find information about her mother leads her to August, May, and June, otherwise known as the Calendar Sisters. The events that happen at the Calendar Sister’s home bring change not only to Lily, but to many others as well. Sue Monk Kidd’s The Secret Life of Bees is a novel filled withRead MoreThe Secret Life Of Bees By Sue Monk Kidd1747 Words   |  7 PagesEven though people may not realize it within themselves, people still hold on to racist beliefs. This theme is developed immensely in Sue Monk Kidd’s, The Secret Life of Bees. The book is followed in the eyes of our main character, Lily Owens, a white girl from the heart of South Carolina in the year 1964. Lily is an insecure and isolated child having this way of life given to her because of her father, T-Ray, whom she refuses to call â€Å"Daddy† like any other normal child. Lily lives a restricted lifestyleRead MoreThe Secret Life of Bees by Sue Monk Kidd Essay896 Words   |  4 PagesNow. The Secret Life of Bees by Sue Monk Kidd is a book discussing the internal strife of a young white girl, in a very racist 1960’s south. The main character, Lily Owens, faces many problems she must overcome, including her personal dilemma of killing her own mother in an accident. Sue Monk Kidd accurately displays the irrationality of racism in the South during mid- 1960s not only by using beautiful language, but very thoroughly developed plot and character development. Kidd shows the irrationalityRead MoreSue Monk-Kidd In The Secret Life Of Bees, And Bernhard Schlink1158 Words   |  5 PagesHow does Sue Monk-Kidd in The Secret Life of Bees, and Bernhard Schlink in The Reader use techniques to explore the idea that it is essential to confront the truth about the past? Sue Monk-Kidd in her novel The Secret Life of Bees, and Bernhard Schlink in The Reader, explore how it is absolutely essential to confront the truth about the past. Temporal setting in both texts is important to understand the ubiquitous desire to address the past. Narrative voice provides important comprehension of theRead MoreSecret Life Of Bees by Sue Monk Kidd659 Words   |  3 Pagesdefends Rosaleen as well as save her life from the hospital after she got beaten. When Lily and Rosaleen join August Boatwright’s house, August is warm and welcoming, and Lily can breathe a sigh of relief now that she found a place to stay. August acts as a second mother to Lily throughout the story, in the end Lily became more understanding, mature and she learned how to have a better control on her life. Lily did help August with taking care of the bees as well as bring out the best in AugustRead MoreBees That Teach a Lesson in The Secret Life of Bees by Sue Monk Kidd741 Words   |  3 Pagesto ge used to is the darkness†(Kidd 82). The bee is an insect that spends all day working: working to create a home, working to spread pollen and working to create honey. A bees life and the society of bees can be closely related to the life of humans. In the novel The Secret Life of Bees by Sue Monk Kidd, the author conveys her lessons about human life through the imagery of bees. Bees need a queen in order to survive. While there are thousands of worker bees per successful hive, the queen,Read MoreThe Impact of Racism in Sue Monk Kidds The Secret Life of Bees798 Words   |  4 Pages In Sue Monk Kidds The Secret Life of Bees, the main character runs away from home, to get away from her father. Her mother died when she was little and she was told she had a part of her death. She finds a picture of her mother and a town name is mentioned on the back of it. This is where she runs off to to find more about her mother. Lily the main character realizes that racism has a big impact in her life through the relationships with the boatwright sisters, when she runs away to TiburonRead MoreTranformation into a Confident Woman in The Secret life of Bees by Sue Monk Kidd573 Words   |  2 PagesIn The Secret Life of Bees, author Sue Monk Kidd, portrays the transformation of Lily Owens from a child burdened with the guilt of her mothers death to a strong and confiden t young woman, as a result of living with May, Rosaleen, and August. Lily, burdened with the guilt of her mothers death becomes terrified of her father, T. Ray. August and May guide Lily’s growth to a life of faith and devotion while Rosaleen remains as Lily’s constant companion. As Lily finds her true identity she transformsRead MoreThe Color Of Water By James Mcbride And The Secret Life Of Bees By Sue Monk Kidd1156 Words   |  5 PagesColor of Water by James McBride and The Secret Life of Bees written by Sue Monk Kidd. Each book shares its own story of integration during the 1960s. The Color of Water expresses the emotional story in a journal entry style. Each chapter alternates between the two main characters, the son who is black, and the mother who is white. This novel describes the story of their lives as an integrated family during segregation. The other work, The Secret Life of Bees, is a narrated story of a young white girl

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Effects Of Dyslexia On Children With Dyslexia Essay

Many learning disabilities world-wide are over-looked if a child doesn’t learn at the rate of the other children, but a teacher might assume that the student is mentally challenged. That might not be the case. Students world-wide struggle with the learning disability known as dyslexia. Dyslexia is known for the way it twists words and numbers in ones’ head. It’s almost as if the persons’ mind is playing a trick on itself. The person might read the text backward or even say his or her thoughts backwards. Just because one has dyslexia does not mean that he or she cannot major in any specific major. Someone with dyslexia may choose which ever major he or she may like, although it will be harder for the person and so they will have to put more time in and work harder than everyone else. This is true in nursing students with dyslexia; they have to put more hard work in than anyone else and yet they still might not be where they want to be. In the article â€Å"Experience of Nursing Students with Dyslexia on Clinical Placement† by Christopher McPheat, the author informs people that students with dyslexia need more help in the clinical setting. He writes with a serious tone to let the audience know that this is not a light situation and to take it very seriously. Although there is no greater risk of harm with nurses in dyslexia, they still need more help. McPheat gives suggestions of how they could get help. The author who is a staff nurse has credibility writing this article becauseShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Dyslexia On Children With Dyslexia3439 Words   |  14 Pagesto read, or to learn to read, would be able to, right? With Dyslexia, that is not the case. Dyslexia is described as the difficulty to comprehend language through reading and writing, despite a normal level of intelligence. Dyslexia is not only the most common learning disability, but is also highly recognized. There are three proposed distinc tions within dyslexia that includes auditory, visual, and attentional. Understanding dyslexia would help the educational community as long as the medical communityRead MoreThe Effects Of Dyslexia On Children And Adults1229 Words   |  5 PagesDyslexia was first diagnosed in 1896: since then there have been many new developments in its diagnosis and treatment (French, 2013). Dyslexia is a learning disability that affects reading, writing, and spelling in children and adults. Depending on the individual the diagnosis of dyslexia can be mild or severe (French, 2013). The following word â€Å"cat†, is a simple word to read, however a dyslexic would read it â€Å" Tac, act, tca, atc†. Now that was not as easy as reading it as a person with no dyslexicRead More dyslexia Essay example1412 Words   |  6 Pageswith byslexia wight reab somethiug. A person with dyslexia has a very difficult lifestyle to live. To understand dyslexia you must be aware of the causes, effects str ategies, and teaching methods for coping with the disease. â€Å"Dyslexia means having difficulty with words in reading, spelling and writing – in spite of having normal intelligence and ability† (Make the Connection). nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Scientists have been interested in dyslexia for a long time. For instance a scientist by theRead MoreEssay Research Article Critique1359 Words   |  6 PagesMODULE 2: RESEARCH ARTICLE CRITIQUE Vandana G. Kotapally Grand Canyon University: SPE 557 04/25/2012 Abstract Causes of dyslexia or reading disabilities have been hotly debated by researchers and educators. Knowledge regarding the causes of reading disabilities is important as they define the strategies that will used to help students with dyslexia learn. Dyslexia is caused by differences in the information processing patterns of learning disability students. Language and phonological skillsRead MoreDyslexi A Common Reading Disorder1748 Words   |  7 PagesDyslexia is a common reading disorder that is often first recognised when children enter school. It is often characterized as, a disorder where individuals struggle with reading but this struggle does not generally have anything to do with the individual s overall intelligence. Different people are affected to varying degrees by dyslexia, some people have difficulties in spelling words, reading quickly, writing words, sounding out words in their the head, pronouncing words when reading aloud orRead MoreEssay on Dyslexia in Pediatrics1121 Words   |  5 PagesDyslexia is a learning disability that affects reading, writing, spelling, and sometimes speaking in children. Dyslexia is known as one of the common disabilities in children. Dyslexia can be mild or severe, every child diagnosed with dyslexia is different in some ways. Treatment for dyslexia should be introduced as early as possible for best results, however, it is never too late for improvement. (Bucciarell Rais, 2008) Dyslexia can be inherited through a person’s family or it can be causedRead MoreChannel 4 : Programme Entitled The Dyslexia Myth 1403 Words   |  6 Pagesentitled ‘The Dyslexia Myth’ ¹ was aired in September 2005. The purpose of the documentary was to inform society of the proposed misconceptions and myths of the condition which affects 1 in 5 people. The programme details how the common understanding of the learning impairment is not only false, but how this particular diagnosis makes it harder for children with reading difficulties to receive help. The director of the documentary clearly wants to get across the message that dyslexia is a myth. TheRead MoreDyslexi Learning Disabilities ( Spld )1587 Words   |  7 PagesDyslexia, commonly defined as specific reading disability, is one of the Specific Learning Disabilities (SpLD). The term ‘dyslexia’ was coined by Rudolf Berlin of Stuttgart, Germany, in 1887 (Wagner 1973). The term dyslexia come s from the Greek dys – ‘impaired’ – and lexis – ‘word’ which refers to impairment in the ability to read and spell that is not due to low intelligence or lack of educational opportunity (Brunswick 2009). Dyslexia was the first general term used to describe various learningRead MoreCauses, Symptoms and Difficulties Associated with Dyslexia853 Words   |  4 PagesThe term dyslexia refers to a learning disorder characterized by difficulty reading. It is a learning disability that alters the way the brain processes written material. Difficulties in word recognition, spelling, decoding and reading comprehension make it even more difficult. This disability alters the way the brain processes written material. People with dyslexia not only have trouble with reading and spelling they also can struggle with writing. Dyslexia is the most common type of learningRead MoreChildren With Dyslexia And Strategies For Teaching Them Literacy879 Wo rds   |  4 Pages Children with Dyslexia and Strategies for Teaching Them Literacy (Draft) Jennifer A. Eyink George Mason University â€Æ' Abstract This paper explores three peer-reviewed articles that involve treating children with reading disabilities. Two of these articles derive their data from empirical studies. One article is purely research based, and offers many simple strategies for treating a dyslexic child in the music classroom. All reading disabilities described in these articles, such as specific

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Swot Analysis And Porter s Five Forces Model Of...

Abstract The casino industry is very important within the USA because of its size and the amount of yearly revenue it produces. Statistically, in 2009 alone, the industry alone produced approximately 30.74 billion. Also, the casino industry provides multiple job opportunities and helps build attractive places that encourage tourism, and bring revenue to states in different ways. However, this industry is currently facing multiple challenges due to competition among casinos, the construction of new casino locations, governmental regulations and the new technologies that are revolutionizing the gambling world. This report will analyze this industry by using a SWOT analysis and Porter’s Five-Forces Model of Industry Competition. Finally, in the concluding paragraph, an answer as to how to deal with the slower growth in gaming revenues will be provided. Case Study – Casino Industry in 2011 Las Vegas and Atlantic City casinos are used in the case study due to them being the two most popular places for gambling in the country. In order to have a general picture of this industry, a SWOT analysis can be conducted. In Strategic management, text cases seventh edition (2014), the authors provide that â€Å"SWOT stands for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. It provides ‘raw material’- a basic listing of conditions both inside and surrounding your company† (p. 47). Furthermore, the definition of SWOT is expanded by explaining that â€Å"the general idea of SWOTShow MoreRelatedSwot And Analytical Tools : Business Analysis Tools1040 Words   |  5 PagesANALYTICAL TOOLS Business analysis tools are different techniques investors use to assess a company’s operations. In most cases, the purpose of the analysis is to determine how effective or efficient a company is in the overall market locally, nationally and globally. A scan of the internal and external environment is an important part of this strategic planning process. A few different tools are commonly used such as SWOT, PESTEL, Comparative and Porter’s Five Forces. Each one takes a differentRead MorePest Analysis : Pest And Porter s Five Forces1314 Words   |  6 PagesAccording to Mind tools (n.d.). PEST Analysis, PEST and Porter s five Forces each analyze different aspects of a business. PEST (Political, Economic, Socio-cultural and Technical) factors are often considered to gauge the expected impact of business decisions, and the likelihood that the trend set will continue in a particular direction. PEST analysis allows a company to determine if the resources and capabilities used by the company support the company s opportunities, or diminish existing threatsRead MoreSituational Analysis1169 Words   |  5 PagesSituational Analysis University of Phoenix STR/GM581 International Strategic Planning Implementation Steven Hall Situational Analysis IKEA is a global home-furnishing retailer founded in 1943. â€Å"In 2008, IKEA had 253 stores in 24 countries plus 32 stores owned by franchisees and 20 stores expecting to open in 2009† (The Times 100, 2009, p. 1). This paper will show the organization’s mission, vision, and values. In addition, this paper will show a consideration of broad environmentalRead MorePorter Five Forces Model950 Words   |  4 PagesPorter’s Five Forces Model: an overview Porter’s Five Forces Model: an overview Abstract Porter’s Five Forces Model is a structured framework for analyzing commerce and business establishment. It was formed by Michael E. Porter of the Harvard Business School between 1979 and the mid 1980’s. Porter developed the Five Forces model in opposition to the SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, environmental opportunities, threats) analysis that was an industry standard for businesses to determine how theyRead MoreDefinition and limitations of SWOT analysis, Porter’s five forces analysis and Ratio analysis1100 Words   |  5 PagesDefinition and limitations of SWOT analysis, Porter’s five forces analysis and Ratio analysis SWOT Analysis All companies need certain strategy analysing tools to assess their ability or inability to do something. To be more precise, SWOT is an acronym, where S means Strengths, W means Weaknesses, O means Opportunities and T means Threats (Management study guide, 2009). This model suggests what strengths a company has which can help it prosperRead MoreMarketing Audit : The World s Top Hotel Administrator And Business Sector Essay1334 Words   |  6 PagesINTRODUCTION Accor, the world s top hotel administrator and business sector pioneer in Europe, is display in 92 nations with more than 3,500 hotels and 450,000 rooms which includes 160,000 employees. Accor s expansive arrangement of inn brands – Sofitel,Pullman, MGallery, Grand Mercure, Novotel, Suite Novotel, Mercure, Aparthotels Adagio, ibis, ibis Styles, ibis plan and hotelF1 – gives a broad offer from luxary to budget. The Group, which is situated in France, has been doing business for moreRead MorePorters Five Forces3126 Words   |  13 PagesPorter’s Five Forces Model Porters five forces Each element of a Porters five forces model is best considered in the context of other elements in the model. Examples: supplier power is increased if there is a high degree of rivalry between companies trying to obtain the supplies; entry barriers are increased if there is a substitutes threat. A Porter s five forces analysis can be usefully performed alongside SWOT analysis, PESTLE analysis, and other analysis techniques. The next two sectionsRead MoreSwot Contribution to Porters Model2629 Words   |  11 PagesDiscuss how Porter’s 5 forces model might contribute to a SWOT analysis Created in 1994 and launched in 1995, Amazon.com today is a group which count several websites and search engine such as Alexa or A9, mobipocket.com, the Internet Movie Database (imdb.com) or even the group Abebooks, specialized in ancient and rare books. In 2007, Jeff Besos, Amazon s CEO, launched the Kindle, made to compete with a whole new range of pads like the Apple Ipad. Over the years Amazon has diversified its activitiesRead MoreStrategy Management983 Words   |  4 PagesComprehensive strategic analysis of CRH Plc and recommended strategy 1.1 Introduction This assignment 1.2 Choose the Model for CRH Strategy literature offers many techniques and models suited for systematic strategic analysis. The SWOT analysis, the PESTEL analysis, the Five Forces analysis framework are the prime examples of techniques that can be adopted for strategic analysis. This assignment will use PESTEL and Five forces model to analysis the environment of CRH plc. PESTEL analysis is to identifyRead MoreSwot, Pest, Portes Five Forces Analysis1371 Words   |  6 PagesSWOT ANALYSIS When we talk about of strategic decision making in an organization, we must take consider many factors that must be studied within the company. For that, there are several useful tools such as SWOT analysis, which is meant (strengths, Weaknesses, opportunities, and Threats), this method is the simplest and effective way to analyze the present and see how will be the future of the company. The main purpose of this analysis is to support the organization to locate the strategic aspects

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Accountability sensitive items free essay sample

?I have been tasked with writing this 1000 word essay on the importance of accountability of sensitive items within the military. The reason I have been assigned to do this task is due to my failure of being attentive that cause me to wash and utterly destroy my meal card on the night of 07MAR2014 at approximately 2350 hours. I had just came back from playing some playing billiards and having some drinks with some friends (no I did not drive). After checking to see if any washing units were available, I then proceeded to my room in order to sort my articles of clothing. While being preoccupied with thoughts of a blonde female type one each and a redhead female type one each I failed to thoroughly check and double check every pocket of the uniform I had worn that day. My preoccupation and oversight caused me to lose accountability of my meal card, which resulted in its washing/drying. We will write a custom essay sample on Accountability sensitive items or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Also possibly allowing it to fall into the hands of someone wishing to gain access to the dining facility and eat off the Army’s money. Also the lack of this type of diligence in the future could cause me to lose other types of sensitive items i. e. identification card, nods, important documents, TA-50 etc. Which if lost could pose a greater threat to combat readiness and mission effectiveness. In losing accountability of my meal card, I have shown a general disregard for the Army Values of Duty and Respect, as well as violated several points of the Soldier’s Creed. In the Army Values, Duty is defined as a soldier’s ability and devotion to â€Å"fulfill your obligations† and resisting the temptations to take â€Å"shortcuts† that might undermine the final product. Sensitive items can include all of your protective gears, lists of things to do, or maps. Securing these sensitive items comes down to maintaining operational security which in turn increases each individual soldiers overall readiness and also mission success. Exercising the habit of maintaining accountability and security of sensitive items of a soldier allows each team to operate at peak performance, especially when the threat of opposing adversaries accessing these sensitive items is lessened. The best method to keep a sensitive item secure is to always have it one your person. The problem with this is it’s not always possible. Toting around everything of value would be a very tedious and inefficient process. That’s where secondary measures come in to play. When sensitive items are not on your person or out of your sight they should always be kept under lock and key. They should be left in a place where security is in place to guard those items. The level of security usually depends on how sensitive the item is. It all comes down to Operational Security which is everyone’s responsibility. Each individual soldier must play an active role in keeping sensitive items out of the enemies grasp. An excerpt from Army Regulation 530-1 chapter 2, it says the following; â€Å"Operations security is everyone’s responsibility. Failure to properly implement OPSEC measures can result in serious injury or death to our personnel, damage to weapons systems, equipment and facilities, loss of sensitive technologies and mission failure. OPSEC is a continuous process and an inherent part of military culture and as such, must be fully integrated into the execution of all Army operations and supporting activities. †

Monday, April 13, 2020

Mobilink Telecommunications Pakistan free essay sample

This report is a result of the instructions of our teacher, Ms. Sobia Shokat. Who is conducting the course Principles of Management. This effort by the student team will serve two distinct purposes; the first is to establish a comprehensive working model of the management practices at Mobilink. The second advantage is to evaluate the organization from an independent observer’s point of view; this would result in establishing an impartial but critical analysis of the organization. This analysis would help in isolating any problem areas with in the organization that might have crept into its day to day affairs. The report starts off with a brief profile of the organization. It then looks at Mobilink’s parent firm, Orascom Telecom and what values Mobilink have inherited from this multinational telecommunications company. It then looks at the company mission statement, its vision and its core values. Then the report looks at the key management functions of planning, organizing, staffing, leading and controlling. We will write a custom essay sample on Mobilink Telecommunications Pakistan or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Then the student team attempts to undertake a SWOT analysis of the organization under the current market and prevalent situation. Then the report looks into the strategic management of the company and how it plans to preserve its position of market leaders in the country by improving on the quality provided to its existing customers and also attracting new consumers so that the company continues to grow in the years to come. Finally the student team has attempted to put forth a list of suggestions to the management of he company so that it helps them not only the current market status of leaders in their field but also to continually grow into the future by providing ongoing value addition improved services and products to its valued customers. Another example is the Karachi to Hyderabad highway. Mobilink commuters that are traveling to and from these cities are able to enjoy the same connectivity standards while on the move. Functions of Management Planning A wise man once said Those who fail to plan, plan to fail Planning involves selecting the mission statement, objectives and the setting of courses of actions to achieves these objectives in the short run and the mission in the long run. Good plans provide a rational approach to achieving pre-selected objectives. It is basically the duty of the senior management to develop plans which if followed in letter and sprit lead to the realization of the objective and goal of the organization. Planning is concerned with the future impact of todays decisions. It is the fundamental function of management from which the other four key function branch out. The organizing, staffing, leading and controlling functions stem from the planning function. The manager is ready to organize and staffs only after goals and plans to reach the goals are in place. Likewise, the leading function, influencing the behavior of people in the organization, depends on the goals to be achieved. Finally, in the controlling function, the determination of whether or not goals are being accomplished and standards met is based on the planning function. The planning function provides the goals and standards that drive the controlling function. In Mobilink, the top management emphasizes a great deal on planning. They spend a lot of time only to plan all the organizational activities and goals and also the methods to achieve them. There are 2 different sets of planning which are done in MOBILINK which are Organizational Planning (Internal recipients) Marketing Planning (External recipients) In organizational planning, the company develops things like the vision, mission statement, the goals, the over all objectives of the organization. This also involves developing a list of alternative strategies on how to achieve these desired results. Then finally the best possible alternative is selected and a course of action is developed to follow. The organizational plans are shared – as per job description and need to know basis – with the internal components of Mobilink. That is the employees – as per their position in the corporate chain – are made aware of what the management wishes to do with the organization and how it plans to go about meeting these objectives. The Marketing plan is something that is more dynamic and market driven. The ultimate recipients of this plan, or the people at which it is directed are the customers of Mobilink. This plan is more of a guideline, a working model which the marketing department uses to come up with newer ways to attract the target audience. Types of Planning Company Mission statement The mission statement broadly identifies what the company is set out to achieve. Our mission is to be the primary telecom operator in the country, providing the best quality services to our customers, value to our shareholders, and a dynamic working environment for our employees. Company Vision This can be called the purpose of the company; it identifies the basic functions of the company Mobilink aims to not only retain its large customer base, but also provide the best possible products and services to its valued customers with continuous innovation and technology. Company Objective These are the activities towards which all the activities are aimed. Be there for you, always We speak your language Aur Sunao! Company Goal The end point of planning, and also the end point of organizing, staffing, leading and controlling Reshaping communications Company Strategy This would be the long term objectives of Mobilink, and the course of action that it takes to achieve these objectives in the short run as well as the long run. To serve the Pakistani telecommunications market effectively Company Policy The general plans or generalized laws or statements that provide a direction to creative thinking. All activities of Mobilink must adhere to the company policy. This policy is stated below Maximize profits staying the cellular phone services business of the country Company Procedure Any plan that handles the future activity of the company. These are chronological sequences of required actions that the management enforces so that the goals are met. The hiring procedures The operations procedures The way in which clients are handled The product development procedure The employee training procedure Company Rules Rules are strict actions that need to be done or avoided. They allow no discretion. Mobilink follows certain rules like no new connections will be provided to those persons that do not have the latest computerized national identity cards. This rule is very strictly enforced and if any employee is found to be in violation of this rule then this bears serious consequences. Company Budget A budget is simple a statement of expected results stated in numbers and figures. The creation or development of such a number is a very tiresome and tedious procedure at Mobilink. The top brass of the company in consultation with the parent firm of Orascom is responsible for the budget creation of Mobilink. Management by Objectives The company is very much managed objectively. This is evident in the fact that all promotions are based on results, and target achievements. The promotions from the post of associate level 2 to associate level 1 is done after complete and through evaluation of the employees performance over a period of two years where he is judged not only on how much business he has brought into the company but also how he has managed to satisfy both internal and external customers on the assigned tasks. His over all outlook towards his job responsibilities are also a good bench mark as to the direction senior management sees him taking. Over all the level of enthusiasm is seen in the individual who is considered for promotion. For motivation, the company engages different professionals who develop leadership skills and team building and trust relationship amongst the many departments of the company. The company is renowned for the many training seminars and motivational workshops that it conducts for its employees. It is not very uncommon for Mobilink employees to travel not other countries, especially those countries where Orascom Telcom has a presence for the training and development needs of its key personnel. Also the company makes use of the various training institutes that exist in the country for professional trainings and employee development. Management is also very flexible towards those employees that want to pursue advanced or higher education during evenings and weekends. In fact certain departmental heads have been know to encourage their sub-ordinates to enroll in masters program and further their careers. Compensation Planning for Employees Compensation is basically what the company pays someone to entice them to continue to do work for the company – it is a critical facet of any managers job. Compensation includes many things beyond straight salary. It also includes benefits, perks, stock options, etc. The company has to balance what these cost against what the employees perceives as their value, and that varies by employee. Mobilink is well known in the corporate world for its very competitive remuneration and fringe benefits. These go a long way in keeping the employees loyal as well as motivated toward achievement of group and individual goals. This ultimately helps the organization grow ten fold. Mobilink measures compensation levels against other employees in the company, against other employees in other companies in similar positions, and against performances It then reevaluates the pay scale and if need be, a revision is carried out. Also Mobilink determines salary ranges for existing positions and adjusts those periodically to compensate for economic factors (cost of living changes, inflation) and competitive pressures (industry demand for that type of employee, profit margins, and of course the employee performance). Finally Mobilink complies with government regulations regarding discrimination, contractor versus employee determinations, and union and other contractual obligations. Organizing Organizing is the second function in the management cycle. Once strategic planning and management planning are implemented, organizing to get the job done is carried out. Organizing can be defined as the act of deploying the resources needed to achieve an identified goal or attain a desired result, including human resources. Principles of Organizing Organizing is based on the following five principles: Unity of command Span of control Delegation of authority Homogeneous assignment Flexibility Organizing Process The organizing process involves these five steps: Determining the tasks to be accomplished Subdividing major tasks into individual activities Assigning specific activities to individuals Providing necessary resources Designing the organizational relationships needed. In MOBILINK, these organizing activities flow from the top of the organization. The top management is concerned about how their plans are formally organized and every effort is made to maintain a strategic control in the organization. Qualities of a good organizer Management thinks strategically about their work while always keeping the final goal in mind and continually making contributions to the goal. This is especially important in the over all growth of the individual employees and ultimately of the company. A qualities working atmosphere include: Imagination Sense of Humor Blurred vision of a better world An organized personality Strong ego/sense of oneself A free, open mind, and political relativity Ability to create the new out of the old Organizational Structure The organizational structure of the company is that there is a board of directors. This board consist of the CEO and other top ranking officials of the Orascom Telecom group of companies in the world. Then Mobilink has the CEO, After him are the chiefs, below them are the directors for individual functional areas of the company. Below these there are the senior managers that look into coordination of overlapping activities and functions of the organization. Then there exist the managers, below these are the assistant managers, the associate levels one and two report to the assistant managers and finally there are field staff in the sales and marketing department. Mobilink consist of more then 650 franchise based distributors through out the country. The number of these distributions is growing with each passing quarter as newer locations and cities are brought into the Mobilink network. Organizational Chart Levels of Management The levels of management and supervisors as defined and developed at Mobilink is as follow. The directors act as direct supervisors for the middle and lower level managers. Above the directors there exist the chiefs that are highly specialized in their functions and demand through compliance of practices and procedures from their employees. Above the chiefs is the CEO who is steering the direction of Mobilink. Structures: Centralized versus Decentralized, Line versus Staff In MOBILINK, working productively and developing feelings of cooperation and effectiveness is one of the key most aspects of the staff functions. This means that not only right people for the right jobs are hired but also developing staff with in the organization so that they can become better managers and grow in their respective fields. In MOBILINK, There are four primary elements in designing an organizational structure: 1. Job specifications what each division/office/unit is responsible for 2. Departmentalization the grouping of jobs and responsibilities in common sectors with the objective of achieving coordination 3. Span of control a definition of how many job roles should be in each unit and which roles require coordination by a unit manager 4. Delegation of authority assigning the right to make decisions without having to obtain approval from a supervisor The resulting organizational structure will vary according to these four elements. An organization with decentralized authority and very heterogeneous departments will appear very different from one with centralized authority and a very homogeneous product. Practical Aspects of Directing Teams When directing a small team it is important to structure the tasks to be performed. Goals should be easily understood by everyone and tasks broken down so that they appear achievable. Nothing will be more demoralizing for ther team than setting them a task which seems impossible. Therefore it is important to define a task as a series of small but significant steps which seem realistic. As the person performs these broken-down steps he/she will still feel that something tangible has been accomplished, and the next step toward finishing will become clear. Goal analysis It is probable that the team leader will want to set goals for the team or project. One such goal may be to improve communications amongst the team. Clearly there will be many different interpretations of this goal by different team members. Goal analysis seeks to remove this ambiguity. Goal analysis should define an abstract goal in terms of concrete criteria, which when met will clearly demonstrate that the goal has been achieved. The criteria should be expressed in terms of actions or results rather than abstractions (which may be ambiguous). There are 5 steps: Write down the goal. At this stage the goal is an abstract thing, and it is important not to worry too much about how the goal is written down a rough definition or idea will suffice. Without editing or judging describe the goal. Get team members to quickly describe what they understand by the goal. At this stage all suggestions should be noted down no ideas are wrong or stupid. This is similar to the technique of brainstorming. Sort. Sort out the ideas generated by 2 into an ordered or prioritised list which defines the goal. At this stage it may become apparent that some ideas are abstractions but are still important. If this is the case use steps 1 and 2 to clearly define these. State each action or result obtained from the step above Make the team read and try to understand the list from step just above this. Test the statements. Ask the question When these all statements have been demonstrated to be true, will the goal have been achieved? Test each statement in turn for relevance. If the answer is yes then the goal has been defined. Factors in Leadership There are many factors involved with good leadership. We view how each of these factors is involved with the way a leader leads. Motivation The key to holding the team together is motivation. In simple terms, motivation can be considered as the amount of effort an individual is willing to put into their work. Therefore, it is important to ensure that any team is highly motivated towards their work. A lack of motivation in any member of a team can have a negative affect, reducing the groups effectiveness and possibly leading to the de-motivation of others. Given the fact that different people are motivated in different ways, the problem facing someone in the role of leader is to create an environment in which each individual fulfils their potential. It is important to highlight the major influences in the motivation of people. According to the influential motivator-hygiene theory, motivation occurs when people have job satisfaction. Job satisfaction can be improved by increasing opportunities for: Achievement Recognition Responsibility Career advancement While not increasing job satisfaction, improvements in the following areas can lessen job dissatisfaction: Supervision Salary Working conditions Six Steps to Motivation Utilized by Mobilink The following steps can be taken to help achieve and maintain group motivation: Provide opportunities for group members to become acquainted. Indicate the importance/value of the group. Make people feel they are important.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Types of Tests

Types of Tests Tests are a necessary aspect of teaching English to speakers of other languages (TESOL). For an educator it is crucial to monitor the progress of the learners and be aware of difficulties they may experience.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Types of Tests specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Testing is a suitable way for the teacher to observe the learner’s success and failure and make conclusions considering the methods and approaches implemented for each specific learner or class (Hancock, 2006). There are a number of various tests designed to determine the learners’ progress in each aspect of English such as proficiency, vocabulary, skills and knowledge, theoretical and practical application of language. This paper focuses on ten different types of tests and their use for TESOL. Proficiency tests are normally composed of several levels. This is done in order to determine the learner’s proficiency in various spheres such as grammar, vocabulary, and text comprehension. Tests of thins kind are based on multiple choice scheme so the learner needs to select one of the offered answers. The questions of such test are selected in order to target different aspects of the English grammar and also the learners’ ability to read and understand written text. Proficiency tests are good for TESOL educators because they serve as a perfect tool for monitoring general progress, the efficiency of various teaching methods and the level of knowledge and skills of learners at various stages. Diagnostic tests are rather specific; they are also recognised as progress tests. They are called this way because they are designed to diagnose certain aspects of language and the level of the learners’ progress (Gonzalez, 1996).Advertising Looking for essay on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The tests of this type are often conducted in the end of a unit and are directed at the determination of the knowledge the students acquired and the skills they obtained. These tests are normally based on short-term objectives. Since teaching English to the speakers of other languages is always broken down into units, diagnostic tests serve as useful means to estimate the quality of learning and to determine if the students can move on to the next stage based on their progress level. Placement tests represent a particular kind of diagnostic tests (Brown, 2003). They are designed to cover the materials within a certain curriculum. They are conducted with the purpose to determine where the students are to be placed in relation to the information studied by specific learners. In TESOL this kind of tests is useful because they help to save time and effort to both educators and students and place the learners exactly where they need to pick up from instead of making them go through certain materials for the secon d time. Achievement tests can be viewed as a kind of progress or diagnostic tests because the main objective of these tests is to evaluate the knowledge of a learner within a particular curriculum, program or unit. The length of the period of time covering certain material or program evaluated by the test is indefinite, and this is why the tests are called â€Å"achievement† instead of â€Å"progress†. Achievement tests are oriented at the evaluation of specific kinds of knowledge, which is useful in TESOL because this allows estimating the quality of the program, and its suitability for the learners.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Types of Tests specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Language aptitude tests are important in TESOL, they are conducted even before the learning starts in order to determine each specific learner’s ability to learn and comprehend foreign languages which varies from one in dividual to another. The tests of this kind are not very popular in the present days because of ethical reasons (Gonzalez, 1996). These tests tend to create bias for the teachers and students and they are viewed as invalid since they are conducted prior to actual language teaching and learning experience. Testing is recognised as norm-referenced when a mark is given to a learner (Brown, 2003). This way, the individual performance of each student is related to that of the remaining members of the class. This way of testing is applied because the progress and skill of each learner need to be placed on a certain position within the class. In TESOL giving marks is vital for the awareness of progress and failure for both teachers and students. In criterion-referenced testing the progress of an individual learner is not compared to that of other students, but is matched against a set of criteria which are designed to determine the level of knowledge. In TESOL the criteria are designed to create a frame of what the learner should be able to do at a certain stage of their learning process. The special feature of these tests is that they do not facilitate competition between the learners and focus of the positive effect of learning. In TESOL English language is broken down into four skills which are reading, writing, speaking and listening and seven linguistic components spelling, grammar, syntax, morphology, phonology, graphology and vocabulary.Advertising Looking for essay on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Discrete-item tests are designed to evaluate these parts separately which provides the learners with more specific understanding of the difficulties a learner may experience. Global/integrative tests, on the contrary, are designed to view language as a whole. They do not separate the components from the context. This way, the learner’s ability to apply and combine many elements at the same time is evaluated. This approach towards testing considers the separate evaluation of the components as inadequate. Communicative language testing is designed in order to evaluate the learner’s ability to communicate certain information to other people and also to be able to comprehend the information received from other speakers (Gonzalez, 1996). Communicative testing normally concerns both written and spoken language skills and knowledge. The results of communicative languages tests are evaluated based on the quality but not the quantity of communication. The purpose of this kind o f testing is to determine the learner’s ability to apply the theoretical knowledge from their lessons in practice which requires levels of creativity. Such testing is focused on the content, integration and interactivity. In TESOL such tests are vital because they evaluate the levels of learners’ preparation for the independent application of their knowledge. In any kind of teaching testing is recognised to be one of the most controversial aspects. At the same time, it is one of the most important areas of teaching. It is impossible to determine an English language testing method which could be called the best. Testing methods are selected based on the individual choice of each educator based on the goals they pursue. There are five principles of language assessment; they are reliability, validity, authenticity, practicality and washback. The efficient test method is the one that aims for the highest levels of these features. Reference List Brown, H. D. (2003). Languag e assessment: Principles and classroom practices.  Harlow, United Kingdom: Longman. Gonzalez, A. B. (1996). Testing English as a foreign language: An overview an some  methodological considerations. RESLA, 11, 17-49. Hancock, C. R. (2006). Language Teaching and Language Testing: a way and ways  to make appropriate connections. Accion Pedagogica, 15, 6-13.

Monday, February 24, 2020

Enterpreneurship Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Enterpreneurship - Essay Example It is evident that e-mail, the notable contribution of information technology provides users with a simple and inexpensive way of communication. Over the last decade, more high-tech communication facilities have been developed including voice over internet protocol telephones and smartphones, which allow personnel to communicate through live chat systems. Likewise, data management is another important role of information technology in modern organizations. As MacKechnie points out, many of the companies nowadays deploy digital versions of documents on storage devices in order to get rid of the troubles associated with bookkeeping. This system promotes easier and immediate access of data in a multinational corporation regardless of its geographical locations. In addition, the IT plays a notable role in managing the inventory levels of an organization. Since purchase, production, and distribution processes of a firm are connected by a computer system, it is possible to maintain effecti ve control over stock and to ensure inventory optimization. According to McAulay, the management Information Systems (MIS) greatly assist companies to accurately trace productivity levels, sales data, and operational expenses. Thus, the information gathered can be effectively employed to analyze profitability, to point out areas of improvement, and finally to increase returns on investment over time. Furthermore, Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system is an effective application of information technology that stores every interaction a company makes with its customers. Such a system aids the company to deliver improved services to its customers and thereby to maximize its sales volume. Impact of IT on entrepreneurs and their organizations According to John, since information technology plays a vital role in transferring technology from institute to industry, it greatly assists entrepreneurs by introducing technological changes in management and emphasizing on their relevance in the present environment. John adds that IT sector provides information to all business entrepreneurs without any discrimination (109). This easy accessibility to information has greatly aided entrepreneurs to focus more on their planned venture. In addition, IT also ensures that entrepreneurship is not concentrated in particular area or people. The affordability of information assisted entrepreneurs to bring greater and deeper improvements in their venture. The IT developments enhanced cross border information sharing and this situation greatly aided entrepreneurs across the globe to effectively plan their venture development process. The developments in information technology â€Å"will also bring about access to just-in-time information of business opportunities† (John, 109). The emergence of e-commerce was a milestone in business management that entirely restructured the way organizations provide value to external and internal customers. In short, the rampant developmen ts in IT sector including the introduction of e-commerce were helpful to entrepreneurs to redesign their operations so as to ensure increased customer satisfaction. 2. Differences in Asset Structure Across the global market, today’s economy is considered to be the â€Å"knowledge-based economy†, where the responsibility of creating value lies heavily on the various kinds of assets related to all kinds of knowledge, which is called the intangible